Thus, for optimum fertility, it’s important that a woman also eat well during pregnancy. In general, the same nutritional advice applies to women who are already pregnant as to women who are trying to conceive. Micronutrients are just as important for a healthy pregnancy as they are for successful conception. A healthy metabolism is also crucial, although this becomes slightly more complicated during pregnancy because many pregnant women do naturally become slightly insulin resistant. There’s even a name for the extreme version of this problem – gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during or is triggered by pregnancy, and often disappears after birth. From an evolutionary perspective, this may actually be an advantage (slight insulin resistance in the mother can ensure that the fetus gets adequate levels of glucose), but for an individual woman it can pose an irritating health problem. Fortunately, gestational diabetes is rarely a long-term issue – often it disappears after birth, and it rarely becomes as serious as other types of diabetes. Women who develop insulin resistance or gestational diabetes need to monitor their blood glucose levels carefully, but most don’t need insulin or other medication.
Men, obviously, don’t need to support a growing fetus for nine months, but that doesn’t mean nutrition isn’t important. Raising a family is a joint project, and eating a nourishing, healthy diet will leave you more energetic and better equipped to handle any curve balls life might throw at you before and after birth. Needless to say, it’s also good to support your partner as she tries to maintain the best diet she possibly can.
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